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Federal Funding Agencies: Data Management and Sharing Policies

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-110 provides the federal administrative requirements for grants and agreements with institutions of higher education, hospitals and other non-profit organizations. In 1999 Circular A-110 was revised to provide public access under some circumstances to research data through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).

Funding agencies have implemented the OMB requirement in various ways. The table below summarizes the data management and sharing requirements of primary US federal funding agencies.


US Federal Funding Agency Policy and Guideline Status More information
Department of Energy (DOE) DOE's CIO has primary responsibility to ensure that Information Technology (IT) is acquired and information resources are managed in a manner consistent with statutory, regulatory, and Departmental requirements and priorities. With this responsibility, the CIO provides information resources management advice and assistance to the Secretary of Energy and to other senior managers.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) EPA does not have an official data management and sharing policy
Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) "IMLS encourages sharing of research data."
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) "NASA promotes the full and open sharing of all data with the research and applications communities, private industry, academia, and the general public."
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) "The Federal Ocean Data Policy requires that appropriate ocean data and related information collected under federal sponsorship be submitted to and archived by designated national data centers."
National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) Beginning in Jan 2012, the NEH Office of Digital Humanities will offer Digital Humanities Implement Grants (DHIG). DHIG applicants will be required to submit a data management plan and a sustainability plan.
National Institutes of Health (NIH) "The NIH expects and supports the timely release and sharing of final research data from NIH-supported studies for use by other researchers. ...[I]nvestigators submitting an NIH application seeking $500,000 or more in direct costs in any single year are expected to include a plan for data sharing or state why data sharing is not possible."
National Science Foundation (NSF) "Investigators are expected to share with other researchers, at no more than incremental cost and within a reasonable time, the primary data, samples, physical collections and other supporting materials created or gathered in the course of work under NSF grants. Grantees are expected to encourage and facilitate such sharing."

"Proposals submitted to NSF must include a supplementary document of no more than two pages labeled 'Data Management Plan'. This supplementary document should describe how the proposal will conform to NSF policy on the dissemination and sharing of research results."
  Specific program guidance:


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Last updated: February 06, 2014
Document owner: Perry Willett